海洋動物故事 Stories of Ocean Animals

所屬名錄: 第三批國家名錄

編號: I-111

申報地區或單位: 浙江省洞頭縣

Inscribed list: National List, Third Batch

Inventory no.: I-111

Nominating unit(s): Zhejiang Province, Dongtou County

海洋動物故事是一系列由洞頭縣漁民口述的海洋動物短篇寓言故事,該區四面環海,令漁業得以發展。

這些充滿想像力的童話曾差點失傳。幸好洞頭縣政府於多年前開始收集海洋動物故事,於1979年由邱國鷹首先發起。直到今天,收集工作繼續由當地故事敍述者及收藏者,例子如許根才,他描述他在出海捕魚時會從家人口中聽到這些故事。透過口述方式,這些故事會傳至下一代。許成年後,他繼承了父業,並繼續從其他老者中收集故事,以避免失傳。同時,有些故事則被改編為其他體栽的作品,包括音樂劇及舞台作品,以作推廣。

其中一個被改編的故事名為《海蜇姑娘》,它講述了善良和勇敢的海蜇姑娘為了拯救被海蛇(有些版本是烏賊)搶婚的蝦夫妻而犧牲自己的美麗雙目。這個關於勇氣及犧牲的故事在2016年化成音樂劇,並在浙江首演。其他有名的故事是關於一個想吃在海上飛翔海鷗的鯊魚。儘管它成功捉住了海鷗,但海鷗反用計謀把沙扔在鯊魚眼上,混淆他的視力,而故事的道理則是過份自信使人失敗。當有些故事創意地解釋了對海洋生物好奇的問題,他們亦同時以小故事背後的大道理教育孩子及青少年。

直到現在,海洋動物傳説的收集工作仍在持續進行,而溫洲政府亦在2012舉辦一個講故事及漫畫設計比賽,以大力推廣這些故事。

Stories of Ocean Animals are a series of short stories and fables on some of the ocean animals, as told by the fishermen of Dongtou County, a district consisting of 168 islands and therefore surrounded by ocean, where it was surrounded by the ocean, and possessing the second-largest fishery in Zhejiang.

 

Through the method of oral storytelling, the stories are passed from generation to generation. There was a time when these imaginative stories almost reached the point of being lost forever. Fortunately, the government of Dongtou county embarked on archiving the Stories of the Ocean Animals, an effort initiated by Qiu Guoying in 1979. The task is still being carried on by some of the local story tellers and collectors, like Xu Gencai, who describes having listened to his parents tell him these stories during fishing.  His father passed on the reins as a fisherman to Xu when he reached adulthood, and Xu proceeded to collect stories from other senior fishermen, saving these legends from the risk of disappearing. Meanwhile, some stories have been adapted into different genres for further promotion, such as musical and stage productions.

 

One of the stories is that of Lady Jellyfish (), which tells of a kind, brave lady jellyfish who, when protecting a married prawn couple from being sized by an evil sea snake (or squid in some versions), had her beautiful pair of eyes poisoned or injured, thus losing her sight.  This story of bravery and sacrifice was transformed into a musical in Zhejiang by local cultural institutions and was performed by children in 2016. Other well-known stories include an arrogant shark attempting to eat a seagull.  Although the seagull was captured by the shark at one point, he ended up tricking the shark and managed to dump sand on his enemy from the sea, blinding him for a short time, and then escaped. The moral of the story is that over-confidence will lead to failure. As some of these stories creatively explained the curious situations of different ocean animals, they also served an educational purpose, teaching children a moral message.

 

Till now, the collection work on these Ocean Animals Stories is ongoing, and the government of Wenzhou continues to try to promote these stories through various activities, like the storytelling and comic competition they held in 2012.  

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