採茶戲 Tea-picking opera
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申報地區或單位: 江西省贛州市; 廣西壯族自治區博白縣
Inscribed list: National List, First Batch
Inventory no.: IV-65
Nominating unit(s): Jiangxi Province, Ganzhou City; Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Bobai County
Tea-picking opera originated as Gannan cai cha xi (贛南採茶戲) in Ganzhou (贛州市), a city in southern Jiangxi province bordering Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, and Hunan to the west, during the Qing Dynasty, its melodies deriving from the folk tradition of the "tea-picking lantern" dance (cai cha deng, 採茶燈). Other locally specific varieties of tea-picking opera exist in other parts of Jiangxi province as well as other nearby provinces of southern China.
Fuzhou tea-picking opera, whose birthplace is the following four counties: Yihuang (宜黃), 臨川, 崇仁, and 樂安, was originally called sanjiao ban (三腳班) due to the fact that it originally had only three role types , although it was later influenced by Beijing opera and the number of role types increased.
In 2011 tea-picking opera was included on the first batch of the National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of China.
A performance of Fuzhou tea-picking opera (Fuzhou cai cha xi, 撫州採茶戲), a rustic form of local opera (difang xiqu, 地方戲曲) from the Linchuan District (臨川區) of Fuzhou (撫州市), northeastern Jiangxi province (江西省), southeast China.
The opera being performed here, entitled "Mao Hong Ji" 《毛洪記》, is among the most famous in the tea-picking opera repertoire. This is part 1 of the opera: 第一場：逼罵退婚. The spoken portions are performed in the Fuzhou dialect of Gan Chinese (撫州贛語). The troupe performing in this video is the Linchuan Fuzhou Tea-Picking Opera Troupe (臨川撫州採茶戲劇團).